Importance of Scaling for Dental Health
You may have heard about scaling in the context of “dental cleaning and scaling.” But scaling is much more than regular dental cleaning, it is a treatment procedure recommended for those with gum disease. Scaling involves removing of excess plaque build-up and can be considered to be one of the simplest of restorative methods. Symptoms like swelling in the gum lining, red and tender gums, painful gums, bleeding, and loose teeth can be easily reversed by scaling.
Scaling and root planning, or deep cleaning as it is often called, is a complete cleaning procedure. Plaque deposits on the tooth surface are easily cleaned by this procedure. The gum line and the area along the tooth root is focused on this treatment. Cleaning is helpful in removing the bacteria that is present in these areas, this will stop further infection.
Root planing focuses its work on the root surfaces to prevent bacterial infection and save the teeth. This procedure is often suggested when there is a pocket formation in the teeth and it becomes extremely difficult to clean the area. It helps reduce inflammation and acts as a restorative procedure and saves the teeth and gums.
Need for Scaling
Everyone experiences plaque build-up – it occurs naturally on the surface of the teeth. This grows into a problem when the food debris remains on the teeth and bacteria acts on to create a sticky material which stays on the teeth. This substance then will irritate the gum lining of the teeth and cause inflammation in the area. This further leads to infection in the surrounding area and leads to more dental concerns.
Regular brushing, flossing and cleaning would prevent the plaque from being deposited on the tooth surface. But once it has been deposited, then services of a dental specialist is needed for effective cleaning.
Tartar deposits do not affect the gum line if you have healthy gums. The gum line makes a good and tight fit around the teeth and do not allow plaque to affect the lining. But this is not the case if your gum lining is not healthy. They would become loose and the gum lining gets weakened forming pockets in the gum area, attracting more plaque deposits. These deposits will then invite bacterial infection and cause bad breath, tooth decay, and gum diseases like gingivitis.
Another dental concern that can escalate from untreated gingivitis is periodontists. In this condition, the tartar will not just stop at attacking the gum lining, but go further down into the bone structure. This can lead to affecting the jaw structure itself, resulting in severe structural and functional damage of the jaw bone.
Scaling process – How is it done?
As with all dental consultations, a thorough and proper check-up precedes the decision on what kind of treatment is needed. Dentists will examine crucial areas like the lining of teeth, gum lines, pockets in the gum lining etc. to determine the extent of deposit in the oral region.
Specialised tools are also used to clean gum lining area. In other cases, dentists will use a high pressure water spray. This water will flush away the tartar that is stuck to the teeth.
If the gum lining is inflamed then this procedure might cause some discomfort, you can check with the dentists as they would then offer some medication to numb the area and continue with the procedure.
After the cleaning procedure is completed, the teeth surface and the roots will be smoothened, this will help in reducing further plaque deposits. To prevent more harm to the sensitive teeth, dentists may recommend using desensitising paste to reduce further inflammation.
What to expect after?
Dental scaling is an essentially a cleaning process, but some discomfort might be felt after the process is completed. This is due to the thorough cleaning that is carried out. Deposits that have been stuck to the teeth/gum region when removed can cause a bit of irritation of the tissues in the area. Some experience slight bleeding also. But this will stop after some time.
Going for regular dental cleaning is important as this helps prevent plaque deposits. It is also important that a good personal hygiene routine is maintained. Regular brushing, twice a day and daily flossing will help prevent food debris from remaining in the mouth and attracting bacterial action.
Unfamiliar benefits of scaling
Besides treating dental concerns, scaling helps provide care in other areas of health.
Ending bad mouth odour – Halitosis or bad breath is experienced by many. Often the blame is placed on the food that is consumed. Yes, to some extent they are the culprits, but there are other reasons for bad breath. Tartar build-up is often the main reason, thus leading to infection and accompanying halitosis. Care must be taken to clean the tongue along with teeth as bacteria breeds on the tongue as well.
Arresting heart diseases – Many studies have been conducted which show the linkage between oral health and heart diseases. Studies show that infections that happen in the oral region travel via the bloodstream and can cause heart diseases. Some connection between tartar build up and high blood pressure, stroke etc. have also been reported.
Improving health – Regular scaling helps in overall health improvement. Timely cleaning of the teeth will prevent tartar being deposited, reduce the chances of tooth decay and other gum problems. This way, a lot of what would be serious dental problems can be stopped right before they develop.
Dental scaling is usually recommended once in six months. But this differs based on the saliva. As one grows older, saliva gets thicker due to lower water content in it. This will also result in tartar formation at the lower ends of the teeth. So it is important that dental consultations are planned and conducted twice a year to check the health quotient of teeth and plan for further treatments if needed.
Categorised in: Jaw and Gums, Oral Health
This post was written by Letooth