What Are The Common Signs That You Need To Get Wisdom Teeth Removed?
Wisdom teeth appear quite late during the teeth development phase of an adult. They are the third molars that appear, their function was needed in the earlier ages when men use to feed on a raw diet of fruits, roots etc. These teeth helped in chewing the rough and coarse diet that was common among our ancestors.
Changes in diet and evolution have changed food habits and changes in the jaw and bone structure affects the importance of wisdom teeth in the current day. Now we do not consume coarse and rough food – it is cooked and boiled and easier to chew. Evolution has also brought changes to the jaw bone; it has become less wide. This indirectly leads to overcrowding of teeth in the mouth. Wisdom teeth erupt later in the adult life when all the other teeth have appeared, this leads to the need for removing wisdom teeth.
When to Remove Wisdom Tooth?
When wisdom teeth appear smoothly without any problem, there is no resulting dental concern. But that is not so always, some dental concerns call for the removal of wisdom teeth.
Bad Breath and Pain in the Jaw
As mentioned earlier wisdom teeth appear at the very end of tooth development. Molars have already erupted and they have occupied their space in the mouth. When wisdom tooth appears they push against the remaining teeth. This leads to overcrowding of the teeth in the mouth.
When there is overcrowding of teeth it becomes difficult to clean the space between teeth. Food can get locked between teeth and bacteria can act on it. Falling oral hygiene can lead to bad breath in the mouth. When there is overcrowding there is more pressure applied on the teeth and also on the jaws and this causes pain.
Food that is caught between teeth gets acted upon by bacteria that is there in the mouth. The bacteria can also act on the jaw line of the teeth. This will cause inflammation on the gum line. The Jaws will become swollen and reddish because of this bacterial infection. If left unchecked this infection can increase and infect more teeth and gum line. Infection can also bring on an unpleasant taste in the mouth which can affect your diet and thereby health.
Reduction in oral hygiene can cause decay in the teeth. It becomes difficult to clean between teeth – even if brushing and flossing are done, thorough cleaning does not occur. Food particles still remain in the space between teeth. This invites bacterial action. Bacteria act on the food and release an acid that erodes the teeth. If left unchecked, this can lead to cavity formation in the teeth and also affect the root structure. This can bring about tooth decay.
Difficulty in opening mouth
Wisdom teeth are not able to erupt smoothly and get lodged on the jaw bone. This is called as impacted teeth. This can be partial or fully impacted – two different conditions in which the teeth erupt out of the bone partially or is unable to come out at all. When this condition occurs, pain is felt in the oral region. Jaws will get affected due to this and it becomes difficult to open the mouth. Cavity formation can also result as these teeth which are impacted are tough to clean.
Overcrowding of teeth due to wisdom teeth appearing and other teeth being pushed against one another gives high chances of infection. This infection can spread to other teeth and also gums. Bleeding of the gums, pain in the gums are some of the conditions that can result. Gum diseases developing as a result of wisdom teeth is quite common.
Sometimes cysts are noticed in the mouth. This can be seen in the jaw bone. Wisdom teeth developing can lead to these cysts appearing. They might be filled with fluids and can affect the bone, tooth decay and also even affect the nerves. This can damage the oral health and also affect the overall health of the person.
Deliberated above are some of the common signs and symptoms that one can notice due to the wisdom tooth. These symptoms appear when wisdom teeth do not erupt smoothly. It is important that dental consultations are made at least twice a year. This helps the dentist to know and foresee the oral health of the person. Are there any dental concerns or diseases that one should be aware of, should there be any change in the lifestyle to maintain good oral health – all this information can be obtained through comprehensive dental examination.
If the above symptoms are seen, then it is imperative that one does not ignore it or treat it by themselves. Seeking the help of a skilled dentist is recommended. They will provide more information and guidance on how to treat the problem that one is facing. It might need simple procedures like removing the wisdom teeth.
If the teeth are fully impacted, then a more detailed surgical procedure is needed. This will be performed under anaesthesia. This will involve cutting the jaw bone and then removing the teeth. Good care and attention must be given after the procedure as it affects the healing process. Soft food like pudding or jelly should be consumed after the procedure. This is because it is a normal diet like before it can harm the teeth and adversely affect oral health.
Removing wisdom teeth does not mean that one should not pay attention to oral hygiene. It is important that brushing and flossing are done twice in a day and importance should also be given to dietary habits. What one consumes also plays a role in the oral health of a person. Consuming too much of junk and sugary food can hasten tooth decay. If personal hygiene is less than ideal, then dental diseases like gum diseases, decay etc. can develop. Seeking the advice of dentists is always important when it comes to dental health.
Categorised in: Wisdom Teeth
This post was written by Letooth