5 Facts about Mouth Sores
Mouth sores are very common – most of us would have had these sores at one time or other. They are small but can be quite painful. The soft tissue that is seen on the inside of the mouth is affected by this condition. Mouth sores appear as round and shallow. The lining of the mouth or tongue, lips, and cheeks can also be affected. They can trigger irritation and pain for the whole duration that they last. Most of them usually disappear after a few weeks’ time. But if they do not, then it is important that treatment is sought for the disease.
Mouth sores can arise because of simple irritation or reaction to other dental diseases. The sores are sometimes caused due to vitamin deficiency too. They may appear in clusters or as a single sore. In case of extreme infection, there would also be fatigue, fever and also swollen lymph glands. For some, it would disappear only to appear again – this can also be a sign of a disease and should not be ignored.
Major facts about mouth sores involve various aspects – examining their cause, different types of sores and treatment, how to avoid getting sores and other facts regarding sores – all are discussed below.
Causes of mouth sores
Minor injuries are the main cause of mouth sores. Accidental cheek biting is one of the most common causes. It can also be because of injuries to the oral region when engaged in contact sports. Sores can occur while wearing braces. Braces can poke in the soft tissue of the cheeks and cause injury. The bacterial infection will build up in these injuries and the lining of the mouth gets affected and sores result.
Some type of foods – mainly those which are acidic in nature like lemon, oranges or even pineapples are known to cause sores. When people quit smoking, mouth sores can appear – this condition is temporary though. Stress, fatigue, and allergies all these are known to cause sores.
Types of mouth sores
Canker sores are seen as white or gray sores in the lining of the mouth. They usually go away after a few weeks’ time. Cold sores are seen as blisters outside the mouth mostly on the lips. Sometimes you can find these sores around the chin or under the nose. These sores are filled with liquid and they have higher chances of breaking open. Unlike other sores, these are contagious. They are very painful and sometimes accompany flu like symptoms as well.
Oral thrush or candidiasis is the infection seen on soft tissues inside of the mouth. It can be seen as a white patch and can bleed sometimes. These patches are painful and most commonly seen in babies and also in those whose immune system is severely affected. Some try to wipe it away, but when this is done it will become sore and you will be in more pain.
Another type of sore that is seen is the mouth is because of ill-fitting prosthetic devices like braces or dentures. They are called leukoplakia. People who sometimes chew inside of their cheek also get this sore. It is important that it is checked so that these devices can be placed securely.
Applying ointments that you can get after dental consultations are very helpful. Sores will disappear after regular use as prescribed by the dentist. Rinsing mouth with saline or warm water will help to heal the sores faster. Keeping ice in the area of the sores, will help to get rid of the pain and irritation for some time. It would good to avoid spicy food and consume bland food when there are sores as this will affect the healing time. At a dental clinic, treatment is done two fold – first would be applying ointment and antibiotics to treat the infection. If the pain is very severe pain killers would also be prescribed.
Avoid getting sores
To avoid any type of dental problems, it is important to practice good oral hygiene – it is no different in the case of dental sores. When proper brushing and flossing is done every day after meal, it will clean away the food particles that can trigger causing sores. Following good oral hygiene practice will keep away sores. As mentioned, sores are sometimes caused due to vitamin deficiency, so it is important that food habits are monitored. Eating nutritious food will help keep sores at bay. Sometimes sores are caused when brushing – the brush may slip on the cheek and cause injuries in that area – later developing into sores.
Mouth sores affect most people at least once in their lifetime. Genetics is also known as a reason for getting sores especially in those who get recurrent sores. Women and young adults are known to be affected more when compared to others. Most of the mouth sores are not contagious.
Consulting with dentists at least twice a year is recommended. This practice should be followed normally, but one should also visit a dentist immediately at the first sign of any dental problem whatsoever.
Many try to do their own treatment and this can often cause more complications. Mouth sores are very common and hence people tend to ignore it often. If one is getting sores more often than before and they do not go away in about five to ten days’ time – in these situations it is important to seek treatment from a dentist. If you see sores that are spreading and the pain is growing even after you avoid spicy food, then do not delay consulting a dentist. Sometimes, sores are a symptom of the underlying problem of the bowels for example. Hence the need to seek treatment early.
Categorised in: Oral Health
This post was written by Letooth