3 Types of Teeth Replacement Options You Can Choose From
The past few years have seen phenomenal growth in the field of oral health and dental care. The options available today for teeth replacement are diverse and easily available with your dental professional consultant. All the age groups and budgets can find something that suits their needs and pocket.
In the past, as people grew old and started losing their teeth to decay and other problems there wasn’t much they could do to replace the lost tooth. But no more. Today you will rarely come across an elderly person who smiles with gaps between his teeth.
The basic therapies for lost teeth include: Dentures, Dental Implants and Bridges. These three basic therapies can be adapted according to individual needs and choices.
Among these three there are variations, for example, bridges can be supported by good teeth or dental implants. Similarly, dental implants can support bridges for all the teeth, or they can be used to support individual teeth.
Dentures can also be used to replace missing teeth. You can have full dentures which are fitted into mouth, or you can have partial dentures fitted onto surviving teeth. You also can have fitted dentures or removable dentures.
All these options can be used with each other to obtain best results. The dentists can offer a variety of combinations of methods to suit individual needs. This triangulation of various methods in dentistry allows for numerous options and can fulfil almost all teeth replacement needs
Let’s have a look at some of the teeth replacement options available today
This option would be the best as it is very durable and can last over lifetime for most people. But it involves invasive methods and requires long periods for the implant to get imbedded in the jaws, and therefore many people cannot go for it. Implants for each tooth would also be expensive, and therefore not everyone can afford it.
Replacing each tooth with a dental implant would be expensive, but it is possible to replace many teeth on a few implants, because basically, the implants act as an anchor.
Dental Implants are designed to take place of root of the tooth. A metal screw is inserted into the jawbone and allowed to remain in place till bone tissues grow around it and completely surround it making it a part of the bone. A part made up of composite matter is placed on top of this implant on which a dental crown looking like a real tooth is fixed on top, which works and acts like a real tooth. It is very durable and most of the time works well for the patient. The best part is that it requires very little maintenance and prevents loss of bone.
Dentures are a common and very popular treatment for missing teeth, until dental implants treatment arrived on the scene. It is low cost compared to dental implants and non-invasive. No surgery is involved in getting dentures for missing teeth. They are made of acrylic base on which artificial teeth are attached and almost look like real teeth which provide support for the cheek and lips muscles which improves the appearance of the face.
Dentures can be fixed or removeable. With age and other conditions, when the contour of the face changes, the dentures can be re aligned and made to fit properly. The disadvantage of dentures includes its inability to allow chewing hard and sticky foods. They also get loosened often and has to be fitted again by the dentist. Sometimes dentures become an embarrassment in social situations. Dentures can be complete or partial and they can also be fixed or removable.
Implant support for dentures
Because of the progress in Dental Implant treatment it is possible now to fix dentures on dental implants. When the patient needs full arched denture, it is possible to have four implants on the lower jaw and fix the full denture on them, which is referred to as All on Four Implants supported denture. On the upper jaw you may need six implants to support the full arched denture. This treatment is less expensive than many dental implants for all the missing teeth.
When one or two teeth are missing there is an option of making a bridge between these teeth and as the name suggests, it acts as a tool to bridge the gap between two sets of crowns. The bridge consists of crowns on a base, which are fitted onto the crowns lying on either side of the missing teeth. The crowns are made from material which the patient chooses according to his taste. Most of the time the crowns are made of porcelain, but sometimes gold or metal alloys are used too.
The fixed bridges are cemented and are very durable. They almost feel like real teeth and has simple treatment procedure which may takes around 3 weeks. The fixed bridges do not require a lengthy maintenance routine, just regular brushing and flossing like normal teeth. The failure rate of bridge is low and it can easily be replaced if need be.
The adjacent teeth have to be grounded for the bridge to fit on, which make them vulnerable to infection and decay. The gap between the bridge and the jaw needs to be cleaned with water so that no food is trapped in the gap.
Implant supported dental bridge
It is possible to make a bridge which can be supported by implants. The Implant supported fixed bridge is a very good solution when the patient has many missing teeth. Only two implants can support a bridge with several missing teeth. This is longer lasting and very efficient way of getting many missing teeth replaced. This bridge looks very much like tooth supported bridge and can be screwed into place. Screwed up bridge is preferred for it is easier to remove it for any reason should the need arise. These bridges look more like natural teeth than others.
Categorised in: Bridges, Dental Implant
This post was written by Letooth